It is a lump in the eyelids that occurs due to inflammation and infection that is caused by the obstruction in the meibomian glands. They are recurrent and can appear at any age.
These build-ups in the eyelids cause pain, redness, inflammation and purulent discharge in different areas of the eyelids.
Its causes can be dermatological such as acne, oily skin and poor eyelash hygiene.
One of the main functions of the eyelids and eyelashes is to protect the eye from external agents that can potentially fall inside and cause damage or discomfort. The eyelids are filled with glands that secrete watery oil that provides lubrication to the eyes for proper function. The eyelashes fulfill the same function of protecting the eyes from foreign bodies, dirt or dust particles that can be trapped in them. This is why it is very important to maintain good hygiene in the eyelashes and eyelids.
Chalazion treatment involves ophthalmic drops and ointments, eyelash cleaning twice a day, and warm-hot water compresses for 20 minutes on affected areas combined with massage. If they do not improve after a month, it is recommended to inject dexamethasone into the area or remove them through minor surgery. The surgery is of short duration and normally does not require sutures. It can be somewhat uncomfortable depending on the area where the chalazion is located.
In some cases, the chalazion is painless and may go away on its own.
A stye is the inflammation and infection of the hair follicle of the eyelash and can be very painful due to its location on the edge of the eyelid.
Every day when you cleanse or rinse your face, spend time on your lashes to remove excess dirt. It is recommended to do it with baby shampoo tear free, so that the eyes do not burn if the shampoo comes into contact with them.